NIGERIA Centre for Illness Management and Prevention (NCDC) says that it’s on a excessive alert for Marburg virus illness though Nigeria’s general danger of each importations of Marburg virus illness (MDV) and its potential influence on the Nigerian inhabitants is average.
NCDC’s Director-Common, Dr. Ifedayo Adetifa, in a launch, stated that Nigeria’s general danger of Marburg virus illness is average based mostly on the fast danger evaluation of the illness by the NCDC-led multi-sectoral Nationwide Rising Viral Haemorrhagic Ailments Working Group (EVHDWG).
He stated that the chance of importing Marburg virus illness into Nigeria is additional diminished as a result of the present state of affairs in Ghana is underneath management and lively case discovering is ongoing in Ghana, saying that there’s heightened surveillance in Togo and Benin.
Dr Adetifa added that lots of the contacts underneath follow-up in Ghana will quickly exit the 21-day quarantine interval and to date there have been no secondary circumstances reported.
He added, “Based mostly on obtainable knowledge, the general danger of each importations of the illness and its potential influence on the Nigerian inhabitants is alleged to be average as assessed by NCDC specialists and companions given the next: the proximity (identical area), excessive site visitors from Ghana and international locations that share borders with Ghana, the incubation interval of 21 days of the virus, heightened surveillance at level of entry, Nigeria’s capability to answer the outbreak within the nation and the truth that individuals with MVD transmit the virus after they change into symptomatic not like for SARS-CoV-2 that causes COVID-19 that will also be transmitted by contaminated individuals with out signs.”
The NCDC boss stated no case of Marburg virus illness has been reported in Nigeria however a number of measures are being put in place to stop an outbreak of the illness in-country, together with the heightening of surveillance at level of entry and the skilled fast response groups on standby within the occasion of an outbreak.
He stated Nigeria has the assets (human, technical and laboratory) for immediate identification and administration of Marburg virus illness within the occasion of a single imported case.
In line with him, the capability to check for the virus is current on the Nationwide Reference Laboratory in Abuja and the College of Lagos Educating Hospital laboratory Centre for Human and Zoonotic Virology and might be additional scaled as much as different laboratories if required.
The Marburg virus causes a uncommon, extremely infectious illness and extreme haemorrhagic fever (MVD) in people and non-human primates identical to the Ebola virus. It’s one other instance of a zoonosis equivalent to Lassa fever, and many others.
The pure animal reservoir/host is fruit bats. Following the transmission from contaminated animals to people, it spreads in people via direct contact with the bodily fluids of contaminated folks, and contaminated supplies and surfaces.
The virus can enter the physique via damaged pores and skin or mucous membranes within the eyes, nostril, or mouth.
The preliminary signs of the illness embody sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, physique aches which can be accompanied by a rash, most distinguished on the chest, again and abdomen, nausea/vomiting, chest ache, sore throat, belly ache by the fifth day of sickness. .